The city of Kos is built along a wide bay, and its picturesque view is nothing short of stunning. Visitors can't help but be drawn to the Knights' Castle, an awe-inspiring medieval fortress, and Freedom Square with its massive plane tree, where legend has it that Hippocrates taught his students.
Kos is also home to many historical sites, including Roman homes with stunning mosaics, early Christian basilicas, and the Museum, which houses fascinating items from ancient, Hellenistic, and Roman times. The museum's collection includes a statue of Hippocrates dating back to the 4th century BC.
Travelers to the island mustn't miss the Doric Temple of Venus, the Roman School of Music, and the Castle built by the knights of St. John in the 15th century on the ruins of the ancient wall. The castle has a small collection of classical sculptures and inscriptions from the Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, and early Christian periods.
A short four kilometers southeast of the city lies the Aesculapium, an ancient infirmary that began construction in the 4th century BC. Its multi-level buildings are connected by a beautiful marble staircase. Visitors can marvel at the Temple of Aesculapius, the Stoa of Hippocrates' medical school, and the altar among the ruins.
The island of Kos isn't just known for its rich history. It also boasts several beautiful villages, such as Asfendiou, Kardamena by the sea, and Pyli, each known for their unique beauty. Visitors can explore remnants of an old castle in Palio Pyli, or venture to the fishing villages of Marmari and Mastichari. At the southwestern end of the island lies the charming village of Kefalos, with its wonderful sandy beaches and delightful tavernas. Visitors can also explore the ruins of Astypalaia, the island's capital city in antiquity, at the Palatia site in Kefalos.
For beach lovers, there is a beautiful beach near the town, but the island also has many other marvelous and peaceful beaches, some of which are accessible by bicycle - a popular mode of transport on the island. It's no wonder that visitors to Kos leave feeling renewed and invigorated by the island's natural beauty and rich history.