The exhibition, which occupies 12 rooms in the north wing of the Palace, was organized in 1993 to celebrate the 2,400th anniversary of the foundation of the city of Rhodes. It will remain as a permanent exhibition until the new Rhodes Museum is built, which will house the rich collection of the town's archaeological material spanning the 24 centuries of its history.
The exhibition comprises the following thematic groups:
- Objects illustrating the history of Rhodes from the prehistoric period until the settlement in 408/7 BC: vases and figurines from the Minoan site at Trianda, pottery, grave stelai and jewellery from the Geometric and Archaic tombs of Lindos, Kamiros and Ialysos.
- Objects relating to the government, institutions and town plan of Rhodes (fortifications, water supply and drainage, harbours, public edifices and sanctuaries): coins, court registers, inscriptions, stone balls, clay water conduits, figurines and pottery from the excavations of important sanctuaries. Objects, plans and a map of the city town-planning system complete the exhibition.
- Rhodian house - Household utensils - Toilet articles Daily occupations: mosaic floors, plaster work, sculptures from the interior decoration of houses, banqueting vessels, cauldrons, braziers, a portable oven, a mill, mortars, lamps, alabastra, mirrors and jewellery, clay loom weights, pyxides and children's' toys.
- Artistic - cultural life - Rhodian potters' workshops: examples of Rhodian sculpture, clay theatrical masks, bases with the signatures of artists who worked in Rhodes, hydriai with painted decoration on a white ground (Hadra), Rhodian pointed-base amphoras.
- Coroplasty - small bronze sculpture - glass manufacture: clay figurines, molds, glass vessels, pigments, and pictures, photographs and drawings of casting pits for colossal bronze statues.
- Commerce - Economy - Coinage: business letters, stamped handles of pointed-base amphoras (Rhodian and imported), coins, weights.
- Necropolis - Burial Customs: Little funerary altars, cinerary vessels (hyrdiai), ossuaries, inscribed funerary stelai, grave goods (vases, figurines, jewellery), lead curse tablets.
- Grave relief with a youth offering a cock to a young man (470 BC).
- Torso of an Archaic kore (510 BC).
- Oinochoe in the Wild Goat style.
- A parade of animals arranged in bands covers the whole surface of the vase. From an East Greek workshop (625-600 BC).
- Central representation of a mosaic floor (emblem) depicting a personification of New Comedy (ca. 150 BC).
- During the school period the Museum organizes programs to familiarize the children with the archaeological material and history of their island.