The Municipal Gallery of Rhodes was inaugurated in 1962 by Andreas Ioannou, a student of modern Greek painting, who was Prefect of the Dodekanese at the time. The Gallery today houses one of the most representative and authoritative collections of 20th-century Greek painting.
Most of the Greek painters who worked creatively during these nine decades, developing the features of modern Greek painting, are represented in this collection through some of their most characteristic works. There are works which marked the creative evolution of these artists, and which were presented in formal exhibitions both in Greece and abroad.
The collection of the Municipal Art Gallery includes works by K. Maleas, C. Parthenis, F. Kontoglou, Theophilos, N. Hadjikyriakos-Ghikas, Sp. Vassiliou, J. Spyropoulos, Y. Gaitis, Fassianos, Kessanlis, Chr. Botsoglou, Moralis, Tsarouchis and many other Greek artists. Some of the most important exhibits of the museum are: Theophilos: The hero of the Greek War of Independence, Miltiades Yataganas. Y. Tsarouchis, Chief of patrol. Glues on cloth.