Here are a few tips designed to help you avoid sunburns and what to do if you get one:
- Use a good sunscreen, with a minimum SPF of 15 for adults, 25 for adolescents and 30 for younger children.
- Keep babies out of direct sun. Some sunscreens can be absorbed through babies skin, and should not be used. Also, babies are in grave danger of overheating. Because they are so small, they cannot cope with extremes of temperature.
- Drink plenty of water. Water is superior to almost all other liquids when out in the sun. Pop and other sugary drinks actually can make you thirstier, and alcoholic beverages act like a diuretic and dehydrate you.
- Limit your time in the sun. Go easy at first. A good idea is to avoid direct exposion during high noon, from 10:00AM to 16:00PM, especially in June, July and August when the sun is very hot. If you choose to go to the beach during high noon, make it as short as possible, or make sure you are constantly under the shadow of an umbrella.
- While you bathe in the sea or a swimming-pool, the water does not protect you from sunburns. If you wish to swim during high noon, make your visits to the water short.
- If you get a sunburn, it can act just like a thermal burn. That is, severe burns will blister.
- The pain of a sunburn does not start until 2-4 hours after the burn actually occurs. So, if you wait until you actually feel the sunburn, you are in trouble.
- If you get a sunburn, get inside to cool off and drink plenty of water. Cool baths will help the pain. You may as well visit a pharmacy which can provide some analgesics.
- If blisters form, do not pop them. Let them drain on their own, trim away the dead skin with small clean scissors, then apply antibacterial ointment.
- The most effective treatment for sunburns is to avoid them in the first place. Make certain that you and your children use high-protection sunblocks, and that you do not spend too much time exposed to the sun.
All information and health tips available on this page are for general informational purposes only. The Content is not intended to be, and cannot be, a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.